Chlorine Free Paper Issues


Sustainable Forest Issues

What do people mean when they talk about a "sustainable" forest? Does it mean cutting no trees at all? Are forest practices the same everywhere? Are tree plantations and genetically modified trees good alternatives to forest fibers?

These are just a few of the questions we address through conversations and publications in our Sustainable Forest Issues study. You can download the Full Study PDF, or read our webpages by clicking on the links below.

Executive Summary - A good overview.

Q 55. How do you define sustainable forest management?

Q 56. Are there acceptable methods to verify that a forest is sustainably managed?

Q 57. Are there enough forestlands meeting an acceptable definition of "sustainably managed" to supply the paper industry?

Q 58. What are "old growth forests"?

Q 59. Are old growth forests being cut for paper use?

Q 60. Should we not cut any trees at all?

Q 61. Should we not cut any trees at all for papermaking?

Q 62. What are the most significant impacts of forest management?

Q 63. Do forest practices differ around the United States, annd does that make impacts regional?

Q 64. How much of all timber harvested goes into making paper?

Q 65. What content standards are necessary for a paper to be labled as "made from sustainably harvested fibers"?

Q 66. How can paper manufacturers account for "sustainably harvested fibers" if they buy market pulp?

Q 67. How can a purchaser verify that a paper meets an expectation that it is the end product of a sustainably managed harvest?

Q 68. What are the benefits of using tree fibers in paper?

Q 69. Is there an optimal amount of virgin tree fiber that should go into paper to ensure high quality/optimal performance?

Q 70. Are genetically engineered trees appropriate for papermaking?

Q 71. What percentage of domestic pulp is from genetically engineered trees?

Q 72. What is the percentage of paper fiber coming from natural forests vs. tree plantations?

Q 73. Are tree plantations a viable alternative to natural forests for pulp supply?



Stacy Brown, National Wildlife Federation
for doing such a great job of organizing and overseeing
the research and interviews

Markelle Smith, National Wildlife Federation
for helping with interviews and writing

Brian Herdeg
for terrific website assistance


First published October 8, 2004


The Listening Study is a project of Conservatree
Copyright 2003-2011 Conservatree

Terms of Use

Market Factors Conclusion Recycled Content Issues Chlorine Free Paper Issues Sustainable Forest Issues Tree Free Paper Issues Join the Discussion View all PDF documents Bibliography Overview Project Director Project Partners FAQ Email Us