Free Paper Issues
following questions (#28-39 in the Study) are intended
to be addressed by this section of the Listening Study.
If new questions or discussions arise that relate to
bleaching and chlorine processing issues, they are welcome
How many North American paper manufacturers and pulp
suppliers use each type of bleaching process: chlorine
gas, ECF, TCF, PCF
Are most chlorine free papers imported and, if so, why?
What are the environmental and health problems caused
31. What are the disagreements around the meanings of
the ECF/TCF/PCF terms?
What are the environmental comparisons between ECF and
33. Are there explanatory circumstances for the differences
Is any version of ECF technology comparable to TCF in
minimizing or eliminating chlorine pollution?
Are any differences between the best ECF technology
and TCF technology significant?
36. Does finished paper carry residual chlorine? If
so, is it a health or environmental problem?
Which types of purchasers are most concerned with increasing
chlorine free papers (e.g. medical, health, water, religious)?
Are there performance, quality or price differences
for chlorine free papers vs. others?
Is chlorine free virgin paper a good environmental alternative,
or should chlorine free always be combined with other
report of current responses is being prepared, but there
are many more needed.